On This Day: Thames Ironworks FC was born

It was on this day 126 years ago that the Football Club now known throughout the world as West Ham United came into existence.

On Saturday 29 June 1895 an article was published in the company newspaper for the Thames Ironworks and Shipbuilding Company, the huge shipyard and iron works that had straddled the mouth of Bow Creek at its confluence with the River Thames since 1837.

The Thames Ironworks initially built river steamers and cross-channel ships before being commissioned to build boats for the Admiralty – the government department responsible for the command of the Royal Navy.

In 1860, it launched HMS Warrior, at the time the biggest warship in the world, and by the time of its closure in 1912, had built 146 warships and numerous other vessels.

Back to 29 June 1895 and the article in the Thames Ironworks Gazette was penned by foreman David Taylor, who had suggested to the company’s managing director Arnold Hills the previous month that the morale of the staff would be improved by the formation of its own football club.


Thames Ironworks Gazette


With that thought in mind, the article asked workers interested in joining the Thames Iron Works Football Club to contact Francis Payne, a senior clerk at the company.

Around 50 of the 3,000-strong workforce responded, paying an annual subscription of 2/6 (12.5p) to join and fund the club, which held training sessions on Tuesday and Thursday nights in a gas-lit schoolroom at Trinity Church School in Barking Road, and runs along Turnpike Road (now Beckton Road).

The likes of Charlie Dove (senior clerk), Thomas Freeman (ship's fireman), Johnny Stewart (boilermaker), Walter Parks (clerk), Walter Tranter (boilermaker) James Lindsay (boilermaker), William Chapman (mechanical engineer), George Sage, (boilermaker) and George Gresham (ship's plater) and did not know it then, but they would soon be among the very first Hammers heroes.

A talented footballer and sportsman himself, Hills had played for Oxford University in the 1877 FA Cup final, which ended in a 2-1 defeat by Wanderers, and even represented England against Scotland in a 5-4 win in 1879.

Arnold Hills
He hoped the opportunity to play organised football would not only improve the feeling among his workers, but also improve their health and wellbeing. This was also the thinking behind a number of other clubs introduced at Thames Ironworks, including cricket, athletics and cycling clubs, a string band, a drama group and a temperance operation.

Hills also hoped the new club would attract big crowds to watch them in action, with tens of thousands of people living and working locally in the shipyards, docks and factories.

Initially, the new club played home matches at Hermit Road in Canning Town, which had previously been used by the professional works team of the Castle Shipping Line, Old Castle Swifts, which had folded earlier that year.

Indeed, a number of those mentioned above – Stewart, Parks, Lindsay and Sage – had played for Swifts before joining Thames Ironworks.

At Hermit Road, the pitch was cinder-based and canvas sheeting was erected as fencing to hide play from non-paying spectators, but there were no dressing rooms to speak of, meaning the players changed in the nearby Marquis of Salisbury pub!

Having had the initial idea to form the team, Taylor now had to arrange matches for them to play. He gained affiliation to the Football Association and even entered the 1895/96 FA Cup, before resigning his post to return to his part-time role as a referee and handing over to a committee comprised of his fellow foremen and clerks.

Thames Ironworks FC’s first-ever match took place at Hermit Road on 7 September 1895, with the opposition being Woolwich Arsenal’s reserve team, Royal Ordnance.

Thames Ironworks
The game, which was played on a sunny, breezy late summer’s day, ended in a 1-1 draw, with outside-left Arthur Darby scoring the Ironworks’ historic first goal.

This was followed by friendly victories against Dartford, Manor Park, Streatham and Old St Stephens, with the local newspaper praising Hills for forming a football team: "If this example were only followed by other large employers, it would lead to much good feeling."

With preparations made and the team feeling confident, it was time for Ironworks to play their first competitive match on 12 October 1895.
Chatham were the hosts in the FA Cup, with the tie being switched to Kent after the opposition claimed the Hermit Road pitch was ‘unsuitable’.

Around 3,000 spectators turned out to watch, but the Ironworks proved no match for their Kent League opponents, who ran out 5-0 winners.

While it may not have been the start Thames Ironworks FC would have wanted, the new club was now fully established and, by the season’s end, had secured its first silverware, beating Barking the second replay of the West Ham Charity Cup final.


Thames Ironworks FC in 1896


In addition, the Club pioneered floodlit football, with the Hermit Road pitch being surrounded by light bulbs attached to poles. The football itself was also dipped in pails of whitewash to make it easier to see!

The first night match took place on 16 December 1895, with Dove scoring two goals in a 3-1 win over Old St Stephens’. It was later reported that ‘the occasion was a success’, that the generator ‘met the requirements and worked well’ and ‘ten lights each of 2,000 candle power gave a good view to those present’.

126 years on, it won't be long until the Hammers are back in action under the lights again, with the 2021/22 season now a matter of weeks away.