West Ham United got down to work on their warm-weather training camp in Dubai on Thursday.
The Hammers have jetted out to the United Arab Emirate for a four-day visit ahead of their return to Barclays Premier League action against Southampton on Saturday 22 February.
Sam Allardyce's squad are in Dubai having won their last three fixtures and will look to use the benefits of their warm weather training to good effect over the final 12 games of the season.
West Ham have travelled to the same location for the past two seasons, before going on to clinch promotion from the Championship, and a top-ten finish in the Premier League last season.
Kevin Nolan is put through his paces by fitness coach Eamon Swift
This week, West Ham's players will train twice daily at the state-of-the-art Dubai Sports City without having to worry about disruptions and distractions caused by, among other things, the weather and travel problems.
After training, the players and staff happily signed autographs and posed for photographs with supporters, including members of the Dubai Hammers Supporters' Club.
As well as the psychological positives, the Hammers will benefit physiologically by training under the bright sunshine, which contains vitamin D - a fat-soluble vitamin produced by the body after exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun. Vitamin D aids the absorption and metabolism of calcium and phosphorous, which have various functions, especially the maintenance of healthy bones.
Click here for a photo gallery from Thursday's training session, including images of the players meeting Hammers fans.
The team pose for a group photo